Mengenal Para Tabi’in
Tabi’in secara harfiah artinya pengikut. Secara istilah tabi’in adalah generasi umat Islam sesudah generasi sahabat. Sewaktu Rasulullah saw masih hidup Tabi’in bisa jadi masih anak-anak atau remaja atau belum lahir. Diantara tabi’in ada yang merupakan anak-anak dari sahabat nabi. Mereka belajar agama Islam dari ayah-ayah mereka atau dari para sahabat Nabi.
Berikut daftar para tabi’in yang harus kita kenal:
- `Abd-Allah ibn Amr
- `Abd-Allah ibn Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hanafiyyah
- `Abd ar-Rahman ibn `Abdillah bin Umar bin Khattab
- Ahnaf ibn Qais
- Abu Hanifa an-Nu‘man
- Abu Muslim al-Khawlani
- Abu Zur’ah
- Al-Hassan al-Basri (130-180 A.H.)
- Al-Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah (d. 100 A.H.)
- Alqama ibn Qays al-Nakha’i
- Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abî Bakr (d. 103 A.H.)
- `Atâ’ ibn Abî Rabah (d. 106 A.H.)
- `Atâ’ ibn Yasar (d. 106 A.H.)
- Habib al-`Ajami(ar)
- Ibn Jurayj
- Hammam ibn Munabbih
- Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri (d. 124 A.H.)
- Masruq ibn al-Ajda’ (d. 103 A.H.)
- Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr
- Mujahid ibn Jabr
- Sa’id ibn al-Musayyab (d. 93 A.H.)
- Ubayd-Allah ibn Abd-Allah (d. 98 A.H.)
- Urwah ibn al-Zubayr (d. 94 A.H.)
- Zayd ibn Ali (d. 740 C.E. (122 A.H. ?))
Para Tabi’in menurut pandangan Syi’ah dibagi menjadi beberapa status yaitu status sangat positif, status positif, status netral dan status negartif, dan status sangat negatif, sebagai berikut:
1. Tabi’in berkedudukan sangat baik:
- Ali Akbar ibn Husayn was killed at the Battle of Karbala.
- Atiyya bin Saad was a student of Abdullah ibn Abbas
2. Tabiin berkedudukan baik:
- Umm Kulthum bint Abu Bakr was the daughter of Abu Bakr and Asma bint Umays. She moved into Ali’s household with his mother.
- Sa’id ibn Jubayr was a student of Abdullah ibn Abbas and a staunch defender of Ali ibn Husayn.
- Uwais al-Qarni was admired for his love of the Prophet Muhammad and sought out by Ali ibn Abi Talib, who personally requested Uwais’ blessings on himself and the Muslim ummah. Uwais was killed fighting on the side of Ali during the Battle of Siffin.
3. Tabi’in berkedudukan netral:
4. Tabi’in berkedudukan buruk:
5. Tabi’in berkedudukan sangat buruk:
- Yazid ibn Muawiya is often referred to by Shias with “La‘an” (removal of God’s mercy) after his name. He is viewed by the Shi‘a as one of the most despicable creatures that ever lived..
- Al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf was for Shi‘as even worse than Yazid ibn Muawiya.
- ‘Abd ar-Rahman ibn Khalid ibn Walid fought against Ali as a general under Muawiya at the Battle of Siffin.
- Umar ibn Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqas — he is cursed by all Shia Muslims for killing Husayn ibn Ali